NEWSWISE_____________MedWire_____________17-Mar-2005
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16-Mar-2005

U.S. Life Expectancy About to Decline
Life expectancy may decline in the coming decades of the 21st century
in the United States as a result of obesity, according to a special
report. (Embargo expired on 16-Mar-2005 at 17:00 ET)
NEJM, 17-Mar-2005
--University of Illinois at Chicago
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510407/?sc=mwtn

Leptin: A "Missing Link" Between Obesity & Diabetes?
New findings in mice may help explain the link between obesity and
diabetes, and what it takes to turn an overweight person into one with
diabetes. Leptin, a hormone already known for its role in appetite and
weight gain, may play a major role.
Cell Metabolism, Vol. 1 No. 3, Mar-2005
--University of Michigan Health System
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510491/?sc=mwtn

New Link Between C-Reactive Protein, and Heart Disease and Stroke
The cells that line the arteries are able to produce C-reactive
protein, according to a study.
Am. J. of Pathology, Apr-2005
--University of California, Davis, Health System
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510508/?sc=mwtn

Brain Imaging Study May Hold Clues to Onset of Schizophrenia in People at
High Risk
Images of brain activity may hold clues to the onset of schizophrenia
in people at high risk for the disease, according to a study headed by
psychiatry researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
School of Medicine.
Archives of General Psychiatry
--University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510514/?sc=mwtn

USF St. Petersburg First to Offer Courses with Portable Media Centers
New technology for a pilot course on autism enables students to take
classes anytime, anywhere via a hand-held Microsoft Windows' Creative Zen
Portable Media Center, a device that can show videos, TV programs as well
as play music.
--University of South Florida
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510439/?sc=mwtn

Women's Health Week -- Research Results, Story Ideas, and Interview
Opportunities
The Society for Women's Health Research will release a report on May
10 on National Institutes of Health funding patterns. Is our nation's
research addressing vital, questions about how drugs and disease affect
women and men differently?
--Society for Women's Health Research (SWHR)
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510518/?sc=mwtn

15-Mar-2005

Research Suggests Possible Blood Test for Multiple Sclerosis
New research by Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center and
colleagues suggests that one day, doctors may be able to diagnose multiple
sclerosis with a simple blood test. (Embargo expired on 15-Mar-2005 at
00:00 ET)
J. of Molecular Neuroscience, Mar-2005
--Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510265/?sc=mwtn

Use of Inappropriate Medications Among Elderly Common in Some European
Countries
There are substantial differences between European countries in the
potentially inappropriate use of medications among elderly home care
patients, according to a study. (Embargo expired on 15-Mar-2005 at 16:00
ET)
JAMA, 16-Mar-2005
--American Medical Association (AMA)
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510389/?sc=mwtn

Vitamin E Does Not Prevent Cancer or Major Cardiovascular Events
Patients who took vitamin E supplements for about 7 years did not
have their risk of cancer or cardiovascular events significantly reduced,
and in fact some had an increased risk of heart failure, according to a
study. (Embargo expired on 15-Mar-2005 at 16:00 ET)
JAMA, 16-Mar-2005
--American Medical Association (AMA)
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510388/?sc=mwtn

Drug Therapy May be Comparable to Invasive Cardiac Procedures
Although the type and intensity of treatment for acute myocardial
infarction varies widely across the country, elderly patients who receive
intensive medical treatment may have comparable survival as those who
undergo invasive cardiac procedures, according to a study. (Embargo
expired on 15-Mar-2005 at 16:00 ET)
JAMA, 16-Mar-2005
--American Medical Association (AMA)
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510387/?sc=mwtn

Hospital Executives Have Concerns About Error Reporting Systems
A survey of hospital leaders indicates that many have serious
reservations about a mandatory error reporting system, including that it
would discourage event reporting and increase the risk of lawsuits,
according to a study. (Embargo expired on 15-Mar-2005 at 16:00 ET)
JAMA, 16-Mar-2005
--American Medical Association (AMA)
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510390/?sc=mwtn

Risk of Cardiac Death After Radiation Treatment for Breast Cancer Has
Decreased
In the largest and most comprehensive prospective study of its kind,
researchers have concluded that the risk of ischemic heart disease and,
ultimately, cardiac death following radiation treatment for breast cancer
has steadily declined over the last quarter century. (Embargo expired on
15-Mar-2005 at 16:00 ET)
J. of the National Cancer Institute, 16-Mar-2005
--University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510399/?sc=mwtn

Community Care Tops Medical Care at Preventing Heart Disease in Black
Americans
Upgraded community health services, including checkups by phone or in
person with a local nurse practitioner at a neighborhood clinic, and free
charge cards for medications are almost nine times more likely to benefit
black Americans at greater risk of heart disease than full-service
physician care alone. (Embargo expired on 15-Mar-2005 at 00:10 ET)
Circulation: J. of the Am. Heart Association, 16-Mar-2005
--Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510426/?sc=mwtn

Researcher Uses New Form of T'ai Chi to Benefit Frail Elderly
It's no longer an ancient Chinese secret. A University of
Missouri-Columbia researcher is putting a new spin on an old exercise. The
T'ai Chi Fundamentals program takes the centuries-old martial arts
exercise and transforms it into a useful tool for rehabilitation.
Rehab Management J., Mar-2005
--University of Missouri-Columbia
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510454/?sc=mwtn

Earlier Use of Prostate Cancer Vaccines Urged by Hopkins Scientists
Timing is everything when it comes to killing prostate cancer cells
with specially tailored vaccines, say scientists testing the drugs in mice
at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center.
Cancer Cell, Mar-2005
--Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510460/?sc=mwtn

New Computer Model Reveals Protein Secrets
Researchers have successfully applied an innovative computer modeling
technique to predicting how protein molecules will behave in response to
different environmental conditions.
PNAS, Mar-2005
--University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510459/?sc=mwtn

Cure No Quick Fix for Cancer Survivors on Long Road to Recovery
In cancer, the mind may need mending long after the body heals. A
national study of cancer patients who underwent bone marrow
transplantation reveals cancer diagnosis and treatment has a profound and
lasting emotional and physical impact that can persist for decades.
J. of Clinical Oncology
--University of Florida Health Science Center
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510474/?sc=mwtn

Sleeping Through the Night: Advice for Parents of Infants and Toddlers
Getting a child to sleep through the night may seem like an
impossible task, but it can be achieved. A user-friendly new book by
pediatric sleep expert Jodi Mindell pinpoints causes of sleep problems and
offers parents advice on creating good sleep habits.
Sleeping Through the Night
--Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510433/?sc=mwtn

Cedars-Sinai Medical Tipsheet for March 2005
Outpatient gastric bypass surgery, aortic dissection, and a new way
to diagnose sciatica, are all featured topics in this month's tipsheet
from Cedars-Sinai Medical Center.
--Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510451/?sc=mwtn

Annual Legislative Training Program in Washington, D.C.
Members of the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and
Oncology will converge on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C., this week for
the Society's second annual legislative training and advocacy program.
--American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ASTRO)
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510456/?sc=mwtn

Wave of the Heart Wand
The proportion of patients who experienced deteriorating symptoms of
heart failure while using the experimental Chronicle implantable monitor
was reduced by 33 percent...
American College of Cardiology Annual Meeting
--University of Alabama at Birmingham
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510481/?sc=mwtn

Fireflies Shed New Light
New imaging technologies such as bioluminescence, using
light-emitting substances from such sources as jellyfish and fireflies,
show promise of radically changing medical diagnosis from a structural to
a molecular basis.
--University of Alabama at Birmingham
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510484/?sc=mwtn

14-Mar-2005

Study of Obese Diabetics Explains Why Low-Carb Diets Produce Fast Results
When carbohydrates were restricted, study subjects spontaneously
reduced their caloric intake to a level appropriate for their height, did
not compensate by eating more protein or fat, and lost weight. (Embargo
expired on 14-Mar-2005 at 17:00 ET)
Annals of Internal Medicine, 15-Mar-2005
--Temple University School of Medicine
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510270/?sc=mwtn

Researchers Develop New Targeted Cancer Therapy
Researchers have developed a new drug that halts cancer cell
division, instigating tumor death. The drug works by interfering with the
activity of a gene called Plk1 and is now in phase I clinical trials for
human cancer therapy. (Embargo expired on 14-Mar-2005 at 12:00 ET)
Cancer Cell, Mar-2005
--Temple University School of Medicine
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510280/?sc=mwtn

Postmenopausal Breast Cancer Survivors at Increased Risk for Bone
Fractures
Postmenopausal breast cancer survivors may be at increased risk for
fractures (except for the hip) compared with other women in the same age
group, according to an article. (Embargo expired on 14-Mar-2005 at 16:00
ET)
Archives of Internal Medicine, 14-Mar-2005
--American Medical Association (AMA)
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510392/?sc=mwtn

Simple Blood Test May Help to Predict Cardiovascular Risk in Older Women
White blood cell (WBC) count may predict cardiovascular events and
risk of death in postmenopausal women who are not currently identified by
traditional cardiovascular risk factors, according to an article .
(Embargo expired on 14-Mar-2005 at 16:00 ET)
Archives of Internal Medicine, 14-Mar-2005
--American Medical Association (AMA)
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510391/?sc=mwtn

Effects of Education Level on Rates of Obesity Differ by Race
There are significant racial differences in the association between
education level and weight change for middle-aged women, according to an
article. (Embargo expired on 14-Mar-2005 at 16:00 ET)
Archives of Internal Medicine, 14-Mar-2005
--American Medical Association (AMA)
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510393/?sc=mwtn

Obesity Among African-American Stroke Survivors Increases Risk Factors for
Recurrent Stroke
Obesity may put African-Americans who have survived one stroke at
risk for a second stroke by increasing their risk of hypertension (high
blood pressure), diabetes and high cholesterol, according to an article.
(Embargo expired on 14-Mar-2005 at 16:00 ET)
Archives of Neurology, Mar-2005
--American Medical Association (AMA)
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510394/?sc=mwtn

Genetics Important in Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Genes play a substantial role in the development of age-related
macular degeneration (AMD), one of the leading causes of irreversible
blindness among older individuals, according to an article. (Embargo
expired on 14-Mar-2005 at 16:00 ET)
Archives of Ophthalmology, Mar-2005
--American Medical Association (AMA)
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510395/?sc=mwtn

Mountain Life Spells Longer Life
Mountain dwellers live longer than people in lowland areas, finds
research. The findings are based on tracking the cardiovascular health and
death rates of 1150 inhabitants of three villages not far from Athens,
Greece, for a period of 15 years. (Embargo expired on 14-Mar-2005 at 18:10
ET)
J. of Epidemiology and Community Health, Mar-2005
--British Medical Journal
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510414/?sc=mwtn

Depression May Explain Higher Risk of Heart Attack Associated with
Antidepressants
The underlying depression, rather than the effects of the drugs
themselves, may explain the increased risk of heart attack associated with
taking antidepressants, suggests research. (Embargo expired on 14-Mar-2005
at 18:10 ET)
HEART, Mar-2005
--British Medical Journal
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510415/?sc=mwtn

Newly Discovered Pathway Might Help in Design of Cancer Drugs
Chemists have discovered a new way to sabotage DNA's ability to
reproduce, a finding that could eventually lead to the development of new
anti-cancer drugs and therapies. (Embargo expired on 14-Mar-2005 at 14:00
ET)
229th American Chemical Society Meeting
--Johns Hopkins University
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510425/?sc=mwtn

Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development Tipsheet
The current issue of the Journal of Rehabilitation Research and
Development includes articles that focus on health management of patients
during coma, development of a comprehensive stroke database, and
effectiveness of rehabilitation following stroke in elderly populations.
Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development
--Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510432/?sc=mwtn

Reducing Hostility in Young Coronary Artery Disease Patients is Important
Piece of Rehabilitation
Young coronary artery disease patients have a higher prevalence of
hostility than older patients with the disease, researchers explain. The
authors say reducing hostility in these patients should be part of a
rehabilitation program.
Mayo Clinic Proceedings
--Mayo Clinic
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510431/?sc=mwtn

Brain Imaging Studies Investigate Pain Reduction by Hypnosis
Researchers at the University of Iowa Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver
College of Medicine and the Technical University of Aachen, Germany used
functional magnetic resonance imaging to find out if hypnosis alters brain
activity in a way that might explain hypnosis-induced pain reduction.
Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, Nov/Dec-2004
--University of Iowa (Health Sciences)
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510441/?sc=mwtn

Direct Link Between Residential Radon Exposure and Lung Cancer
Two University of Iowa researchers were part of a large multi-center
study that provides compelling direct evidence of an association between
prolonged residential radon exposure and lung cancer risk.
Epidemiology, Mar-2005
--University of Iowa (Health Sciences)
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510442/?sc=mwtn

Short-Term Effects of Spit Tobacco Suggest Long-Term Health Risks
Mayo Clinic study finds spikes in blood pressure, heart rate,
adrenaline after "dipping".
J. of the Am. College of Cardiology, Mar-2005
--Mayo Clinic
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510444/?sc=mwtn

73rd Annual Scientific Meeting of the AANS
The world's largest annual scientific meeting for neurosurgeons,
neurological residents in training, neuroscience nurses, clinical
specialists, nurse/physician assistants, and other allied health
professionals will feature the latest scientific and technological
advances in neurological surgery.
American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting
--American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS)
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510436/?sc=mwtn

Children's Launches Allergy Education Tool on Its Web Site
Children's Medical Center Dallas has launched an interactive tool Web
tool that makes it fun for parents and children to learn about allergy
triggers found inside and outside the home.
--Children's Medical Center Dallas
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510443/?sc=mwtn


MedWire Policy and Public Affairs

Pennsylvania Begins Big Step Forward on Electronic Health Records, Patient
Safety
President Bush has called upon the medical community to switch from
paper to electronic health records within 10 years. In response, the
health care community is building a national electronic network. This
release covers efforts starting in Pennsylvania.
--Pennsylvania Medical Society
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510445/?sc=mwtn


MedWire Announcements

Mount Sinai Recognized by New York State for Patient Safety Initiative
The Mount Sinai Medical Center has received a certificate of
recognition from the New York State Commissioner of Health for advancing
patient safety through its innovative Medication Safety Reporting System.
--Mount Sinai Medical Center
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510434/?sc=mwtn

Burke Named Executive Vice President, Physician-in-Chief
Thomas W. Burke, M.D., has been named Executive Vice President and
Physician-in-Chief at M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, effective immediately.
Burke has been a member of the M. D. Anderson faculty since 1988 and ad
interim Senior Vice President and Chief Operating Officer for nearly a
year.
--University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510487/?sc=mwtn

Red Sox "Partner Up" with NU Sport in Society
The World Champion Boston Red Sox are partnering with Sport in
Society to train their players in gender violence prevention this week.
Northeastern University's Center for the Study of Sport in Society will be
training Boston Red Sox minor league players at their Spring Training
Facility in Fort Myers.
--Northeastern University
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510500/?sc=mwtn



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