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Vital Step in Cellular Migration Described by Medical Researchers
A vital molecular step in cell migration, the movement of cells
within the body during growth, tissue repair and the body's immune
response to invading pathogens, has been demonstrated by researchers in
UCSD School of Medicine.
Nature Cell Biology, 27-Mar-2005
--University of California, San Diego

Fat May Promote Inflammation, New Study Suggests
Why does extra fat around the waist increase the risk of heart
disease? A new study by Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center
researchers and colleagues suggests that inflammation may be the key.
Am. J. of Physiology-Endocrinology and Metabolism, Apr-2005
--Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center

Laparoscopic Vaginal Reconstruction Results in Shorter Recovery Times
Approximately 11 percent of women will undergo surgery for urinary
incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse during their lifetime. Thanks to new
minimally invasive laparoscopic procedures, women typically recover from
such surgeries within a week or two, rather than needing the six to eight
weeks that were required for open procedures.
--Cedars-Sinai Medical Center


Gene Variant Appears to Predict Type 2 Diabetes
A particular gene variant that could serve as a predictor for type 2
diabetes has been identified by researchers at UT Southwestern Medical
Center. (Embargo expired on 25-Mar-2005 at 00:00 ET)
Diabetes, Apr-2005
--UT Southwestern Medical Center

Stem Cells Maintained Without Contaminated Animal Feeder Layers
The growth and maintenance of human embryonic stem cells in the
absence of contaminated animal products has been demonstrated by
University of California, San Diego (UCSD) School of Medicine researchers
in the Whittier Institute*, La Jolla, California. (Embargo expired on
25-Mar-2005 at 08:00 ET)
Stem Cells, Apr-2005
--University of California, San Diego

New Evaluation Tool Reliably Predicts Recovery from Coma
A researcher has developed the first reliable measure of
neurobehavioral functioning that will help physicians predict the
likelihood of a patient recovering consciousness during coma from severe
brain injury within the first year of injury -- with up to 86 percent
Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, Vol. 42, No. 1
--Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development

Study Documents Progress in QIO Hospital Work
A study presents a positive assessment of Quality Improvement
Organization (QIO) work to improve care in hospitals.
Health Services Research
--American Health Quality Association

New Digital Archive Brings Civil Rights Era Alive
A new archive at the Virginia Center for Digital History brings to
life that period of our National history through filmed local civil rights
events and the words and actions of citizen and national activists in
Roanoke, Va.
--University of Virginia

Human Trials with Donor Adult Stem Cells to Repair Muscle Damaged from
Heart Attack
Researchers at Johns Hopkins have begun what is believed to be the
first clinical trial in the United States of adult mesenchymal stem cells
to repair muscle damaged by heart attack, or myocardial infarct.
--Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions

Beach Season
Before breaking out the bathing suits for summer and heading to the
beach, many Americans will try to lose a few unwanted pounds.
--University of Alabama at Birmingham

Protect Your Children
As the temperatures warm and kids head outdoors to play, UAB
optometrist Leo Semmes, O.D., said that when it comes to sun protection,
"the younger, the better.
--University of Alabama at Birmingham

Weight Loss After SCI
Weight loss is especially important for overweight individuals with
spinal cord impairments. UAB has developed a weight management program for
this population, which often has limited physical abilities and unique
nutritional needs, said Yuying Chen, M.D., Ph.D.
--University of Alabama at Birmingham


Deficiency of Growth Hormone and IGF-1 Reduces Cancer and Kidney Disease
Deficiencies of growth hormone and similar compounds may reduce
cancer and kidney disease late in life, but also may lead to cartilage
degeneration and impaired memory and learning ability. (Embargo expired on
24-Mar-2005 at 10:00 ET)
Endocrinology, Mar-2005
--Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center

NHS Target Driven Culture Is Failing Patients
The new tick box, target driven culture of the NHS is neglecting the
quality of patient care, warns a senior doctor in this week's BMJ.
(Embargo expired on 24-Mar-2005 at 17:10 ET)
BMJ, 25-Mar-2005
--British Medical Journal

Improving Access to Healthy Food Has Little Effect on Diet
Improving food shopping access for people living in deprived
neighbourhoods has little effect on diet and health. Ensuring communities
have good access to healthy affordable food is one of the government's
joined up strategies to improve public health and reduce health
inequalities. (Embargo expired on 24-Mar-2005 at 17:10 ET)
BMJ, 25-Mar-2005
--British Medical Journal

Vaccine Against Childhood Pneumonia Shows Promise
A vaccine against pneumonia and invasive pneumococcal disease, a
severe form of bacterial infection, can substantially reduce hospital
admissions and improve the survival of children in developing countries,
concludes a trial. (Embargo expired on 24-Mar-2005 at 18:30 ET)
Lancet, 26-Mar-2005

US Attempting to Flout Ethical Practice for Patient Trials Abroad
The US Food and Drug Administration has proposed that observing a
widely accepted code of medical ethics that protects patients who take
part in trials is not necessary for studies conducted abroad, states a
comment. (Embargo expired on 24-Mar-2005 at 18:30 ET)
Lancet, 26-Mar-2005

New Estimates for the Causes of Child Deaths Worldwide
The most accurate estimates of the causes of child deaths to date
reveal that worldwide more than 70% of the 10(mid dot)6 million child
deaths that occur annually are attributable to six causes: pneumonia
(19%), diarrhoea (18%), malaria (8%), neonatal sepsis or pneumonia (10%),
preterm delivery (10%), and asphyxia at birth (8%). (Embargo expired on
24-Mar-2005 at 18:30 ET)
Lancet, 26-Mar-2005

Hospital Acquired Infections Major Problem for Infants in Developing
Rates of neonatal infections in hospital born babies are up to 20
times higher in developing countries than in industrialised countries,
reveals a review. (Embargo expired on 24-Mar-2005 at 18:30 ET)
Lancet, 26-Mar-2005

Cancerous or Harmless? Three Genes Might Tell the Tale
New research suggests that physicians can distinguish between a type
of thyroid cancer and an identical-looking, non-cancerous thyroid
condition by simply determining the activity of three genes.
J. of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
--Ohio State University

Grandson of First Climber to Scale Mt. Everest to Speak at Aspen
The grandson of Tenzing Norgay, the Sherpa mountaineer who, along
with Edmund Hillary, was the first to scale Mt. Everest, will speak at the
Wilderness Medical Society's annual conference in Snowmass Village, Colo.,
near Aspen on July 26. The public is welcome to attend.
Wilderness Medical Society Conference and Annual Meeting
--Alliance Communications Group

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