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Florida Coral Reefs in Deeper Peril
Coral reefs in Florida are so seriously degraded by over fishing,
coastal development and pollution that they represent not only an
aesthetic and environmental loss, but an economic loss as well.
Science, 18-Mar-2005
--University of South Florida

Taking the Terror Out of Terror: Physical Security for Homeland Defense
Anticipating attacks from terrorists, and hardening potential targets
against them, is a wearying and expensive business that could be made
simpler through a broader view of the opponents' origins, fears, and
ultimate objectives, according to studies by the Advanced Concepts Group.
--Sandia National Laboratories

Tiny Porphyrin Tubes May Lead to New Nanodevices
Sunlight splitting water molecules to produce hydrogen using devices
too small to be seen in a standard microscope. That's a goal of a research
team from the National Nuclear Security Administration's Sandia National
--Sandia National Laboratories

Geologists Explore Link Between Human Action and Landscape Change
UVM geologists use a large, searchable, Web-based image archive
containing historical photographs to study Vermont landscape change over
time. Of particular importance in the findings is a connection between
clearing trees from hill slopes and erosion.
GSA Today
--University of Vermont

5% of All Reproductively Active Female Right Whales Have Died in Three
Since late November, 5% of the breeding females of one of the
world's most endangered whales have died. There are fewer than 350 North
Atlantic right whales in existence, and their primary habitat is in the
congested and hazardous waters off of the East Coast of North America.
--New England Aquarium


Nanotechnology's Progress and Challenges Addressed
From promising diagnostic tests to tomorrow's electronics,
nanotechnology -- the science and technology of the ultra-small -- is
getting bigger all the time. More than 60 presentations highlight
nanotechnology's progress and challenges. (Embargo expired on 17-Mar-2005
at 11:30 ET)
229th American Chemical Society National Meeting
--American Chemical Society (ACS)

Chemical Decoy Shows Promise for Slowing Alzheimer's
Researchers are developing a chemical decoy that shows promise in
blocking the toxic brain proteins thought to cause Alzheimer's disease.
The decoy, which has only been tested in cell culture, is a special
polymer designed by a team of chemical engineers. (Embargo expired on
17-Mar-2005 at 17:00 ET)
229th American Chemical Society National Meeting
--American Chemical Society (ACS)

Chemists Identify Key Gene in Development of Type 1 Diabetes
Chemists say they have identified a gene that appears to play a key
role in the development of type 1 diabetes, also known as
insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes, a disease that affects about one
million people in the U.S. and is on the rise worldwide. (Embargo expired
on 17-Mar-2005 at 13:00 ET)
229th American Chemical Society National Meeting
--American Chemical Society (ACS)

Highlights of Chemical Society National Meeting in San Diego
An antioxidant mixture that may help prevent skin cancer, efforts to
genetically engineer bacteria for the mass production of antibiotics, and
novel gene therapy vectors that employ the herpes simplex virus to help
fight chronic pain and brain cancer are among the new research topics to
be addressed. (Embargo expired on 17-Mar-2005 at 13:00 ET)
229th American Chemical Society National Meeting
--American Chemical Society (ACS)

Climate Change Inevitable in 21st Century, Sea Level Rise to Outpace
Temperature Increase
Even if all greenhouse gases had been stabilized in the year 2000, we
would still be committed to a warmer Earth and greater sea level rise in
the present century, according to a new study by a team of climate
modelers at the National Center for Atmospheric Research. (Embargo expired
on 17-Mar-2005 at 14:00 ET)
Science, Mar-2005
--National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

Ideas About Fossil Horses Undergo Evolution in Thinking
The old gray mare, she ain't what she used to be, says a University
of Florida researcher whose findings show that the evolution of horses had
more twists and turns than previously thought. (Embargo expired on
17-Mar-2005 at 14:00 ET)
Science, Mar-2005
--University of Florida

Will Aid to Poor Put Wildlife at Risk
Even a small increase in the wealth of poor, rural families in Gabon
may cause a substantial increase in the consumption of bushmeat, according
to a study by the Wildlife Conservation Society in a recent issue of
Conservation Biology.
Conservation Biology
--Wildlife Conservation Society

Manatee Bone Studies May Influence Boat Speeds
University of Florida researchers have discovered that despite the
placid sea cows' huge size, their bones are actually as brittle as some
porcelain plates. That may make them even more vulnerable than anyone
thought to suffering life-threatening injuries in a collision.
J. of Biomechanics, forthcoming
--University of Florida Health Science Center

Conference Focused on Neurodegenerative Diseases
Dr. Niloufar Haque, a neuroscientist who teaches at New York City
College of Technology/CUNY, is sponsoring a conference on
neurodegenerative diseases on April 15. Presentations to focus on
Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases, Fragile X Syndrome, Epilepsy, and
stress and the brain.
--New York City College of Technology

SciWire Announcements

David Ray Griffin to Helm Panentheism Section in 'Science-and-Religion
David Ray Griffin, Ph.D., executive director of the Center for
Process Studies, has signed on as a guest editor of the
"Science-and-Religion Guide," Science & Theology News' ongoing series on
topics in science, spirituality and health. Griffin will oversee Part 3,
on panentheism, which will appear in the May 2005 issue.
--Science & Theology News

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