NEWSWISE_____________SciWire_____________28-Mar-2005
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28-Mar-2005

Nobel Laureate in Chemistry Will Deliver Eleventh Annual Shipley Lectures
John B. Fenn, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry, member of the National
Science Foundation, and research professor at Virginia Commonwealth
University, will present two lectures at Clarkson University on Monday,
April 4, and Tuesday, April 5.
--Clarkson University
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510711/?sc=swtn

26-Mar-2005

How Venture Capital Thwarts Innovation
The tech bubble was a boon to start-ups, but it was a bust when it
came to truly original ideas. (Embargo expired on 26-Mar-2005 at 17:00 ET)
--IEEE Spectrum Magazine
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510630/?sc=swtn

Noise Improves Balance
Engineers are generally trained to remove noise from electronics, but
at Boston University and Afferent Corp., they are adding it to help the
elderly stay on their feet. (Embargo expired on 26-Mar-2005 at 17:00 ET)
--IEEE Spectrum Magazine
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510633/?sc=swtn

3-Deep
Next-generation displays render images you can almost reach out and
touch. (Embargo expired on 26-Mar-2005 at 17:00 ET)
--IEEE Spectrum Magazine
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510636/?sc=swtn

25-Mar-2005

Fewer Fish Discarded After Individual Transferable Quotas Offered
Contradicting previous assumptions, new fisheries research shows that
allocating catch among vessels reduces the amount of fish discarded at
sea. The findings come at a time when individual transferable quotas are
being considered for the U.S. West Coast.
Marine Policy
--University of Washington
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510690/?sc=swtn

Some Brain Cells "Change Channels" to Fine-Tune the Message
Researchers have identified the proteins that allow specific brain
cells to "change channels," a rare ability that tweaks what can come into
the cell. The findings may let researchers harness the process, perhaps
one day using it to protect cells that die in Lou Gehrig's disease.
Neuron, 24-Mar-2005
--Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510695/?sc=swtn

Weed Surprises Scientists Studying Population Extinction
Experiment with weed tests the general tenet that local populations
connected to each other persist longer than do isolated ones. Scientists
were surprised. "What we found was pretty cool, actually," says primary
investigator Jane Molofsky. "The relation between extinction and migration
is nonlinear."
PNAS, 28-Feb-2005
--University of Vermont
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510712/?sc=swtn

Robot Guide Dog Picks Up Where Man's Best Friend Leaves Off
A new, one-of-a-kind robot uses the latest technology to help the
visually impaired find their way when traditional guide dogs can't. The
Robotic Guide is a combination of high-tech computer parts and a mobile
base that assists the visually impaired in busy areas such as grocery
stores, malls and airports.
--Utah State University
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510688/?sc=swtn

Grow the Hope Diamond?
UAB and Carnegie Institution scientists have patented a new method to
create synthetic diamond gemstones in the lab as good as those found in
nature.
--University of Alabama at Birmingham
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510704/?sc=swtn

Maple Sap Can Run but It Can't Hide
Some people will go to great lengths to try to experience that slushy
northern rite of spring -- the sap run that eventually boils down to sweet
maple syrup. Huge lengths even, as staff found when they installed a
sugarhouse webcam, wired a sugar maple to the internet and watched their
web traffic spike.
--University of Vermont
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510710/?sc=swtn

24-Mar-2005

Did Use of Free Trade Cause Neanderthal Extinction?
Economics-free trade may have contributed to the extinction of
Neanderthals 30,000-40,000 years ago, according to a paper.
J. of Economic Organization and Behavior
--University of Wyoming
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510666/?sc=swtn

Discovery Raises Questions About Origin of African Mammals
"Into Africa" rather than "Out of Africa" could well be the better
description of how certain mammals originated and spread across the world,
according to a scientist, who has found the first evidence for origins in
North America of a mammal thought to be endemic to Africa.
Nature, 24-Mar-2005
--University of Florida
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510669/?sc=swtn

Yeast Finding Links Processes in Heart Disease and Cancer
By studying a little-known yeast too primitive to get diseases, Johns
Hopkins researchers have uncovered a surprising link between two processes
at play in heart disease and cancer in people.
Cell, 25-Mar-2005
--Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510678/?sc=swtn

Scientist Finds Soft Tissue in T. Rex Bones
Conventional wisdom among paleontologists states that when dinosaurs
died and became fossilized, soft tissues didn't preserve. New research by
a North Carolina State University paleontologist, however, could literally
turn that theory inside out.
Science, 25-Mar-2005
--North Carolina State University
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510680/?sc=swtn

Elephants Imitate Sounds as a Form of Social Communication
Elephants learn to imitate sounds that are not typical of their
species, the first known example after humans of vocal learning in a
non-primate terrestrial mammal. The discovery further supports the idea
that vocal learning is important for maintaining individual social
relationships among animals that separate and reunite over time.
Nature, Mar-2005
--Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510679/?sc=swtn

Deep-Sea Tremors May Provide Early Warning System for Larger Earthquakes
Predicting when large earthquakes might occur may be a step closer to
reality, thanks to a new study of undersea earthquakes in the eastern
Pacific Ocean. The study is the first to suggest that small seismic shocks
or foreshocks preceding a major earthquake can be used in some cases to
predict the main.
Nature, Mar-2005
--Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510682/?sc=swtn

Montana T. Rex Yields Next Big Discovery in Dinosaur Paleontology
A paper reveals that a Montana dinosaur has soft tissues and blood
vessels still preserved after 68 million years. This is a major
breakthrough in the field of dinosaur paleontology, according to Jack
Horner of Montana State University.
Science, 25-Mar-2005
--Montana State University
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510685/?sc=swtn

Antarctic Research Facility to Co-lead Voyage to Antarctic Peninsula
Just after Easter, as the Antarctic winter approaches, an expedition
led by geologists from Florida State University's Antarctic Research
Facility will board a National Science Foundation research vessel for a
month-long voyage 15 years in the making.
--Florida State University
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510672/?sc=swtn

Underwater Robot Launched from Bermuda to Cross Gulf Stream
A small autonomous underwater vehicle named Spray was launched
yesterday about 12 miles southeast of Bermuda. The two-meter-(6-foot)-long
orange glider with a four-foot wingspan will slowly make its way
northwest, crossing the Gulf Stream and reaching the continental shelf on
the other side before turning around and heading back to Bermuda.
--Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510681/?sc=swtn


SciWire Policy and Public Affairs

Food's Impact on Disease Prevention Poised to Leap Forward
A new expert report declares advances in science and food technology
are growing so rapidly that the food industry and government must quicken
their pace to ensure food's greatest benefits on public health. It
emphasizes recommendations to accelerate future research and development,
regulation and marketing of functional foods. (Embargo expired on
24-Mar-2005 at 13:30 ET)
Functional Foods Expert Report
--Institute of Food Technologists (IFT)
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510607/?sc=swtn


SciWire Announcements

Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement Taps Lonnie Thompson
Internationally recognized glaciologist Lonnie Thompson is one of two
scientists to win the 2005 Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement, an
award regarded by some in the field as equivalent to a Nobel Prize.
--Ohio State University
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510696/?sc=swtn

Professor's "Gathering Moss" Wins Burroughs Award
A botanist who melds her Native American heritage with her
professional expertise in the intricate world of mosses told the story of
her beloved "miniature forests" to help her culture survive. The result
was an award-winning book, Gathering Moss: A Natural and Cultural History
of Mosses.
--SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry
http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/510671/?sc=swtn



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